7.4.2010. Ένα άρθρο από τα παλιά …

7.4.2010. Ένα άρθρο από τα παλιά …
Σημ. Π. Ήφ. Παραθέτω ένα «άρθρο από τα παλιά». Αναφέρεται σε διεργασίες του 2004 για την παραποίηση των στοιχείων που επίσπευσαν την ένταξη της Ελλάδας στην ΕΕ. Υποθέτω ότι όταν καταλαγιάσει η παρούσα κρίση και μετρήσουμε τις ζημιές (που μάλλον δεν θα είναι μόνο οικονομική αλλά θα εκτείνεται από την Θράκη μέχρι την Κύπρο), κάποιοι θα αποτιμήσουν τα αίτια. Το μέγα ερώτημα είναι μάλλον ψυχολογικού και μικροπολιτικού χαρακτήρα: Γιατί τόσο μεγάλη σπουδή ένταξης στην ΟΝΕ ενώ θα μπορούσε να γίνει μερικά χρόνια μετά και αφού εξορθολογίζαμε την οικονομία μας και τους θεσμούς μας; Μέρος της απάντησης, σίγουρα θα είναι η εξής (μελλοντική) διαπίστωση: Ο ελληνικός λαός δεσμεύει δισεκατομμύρια στην ύπαρξη διεθνών και ευρωπαϊκών σπουδών (για να μην μιλήσω για ιστορίες κτλ) για παρασιτισμό. Γιατί παρασιτισμός είναι να γραφτούν μερικές χιλιάδες άρθρα και βιβλία για την επερχόμενη ευρωπαϊκή πολιτική και οικονομική ένωση η δημόσια σφαίρα της οποίας ήταν γεμάτη από τις ιδεαλιστικές ασυναρτησίες ανευθυνουπεύθυνων πολιτικοστοχαστών που επιπλέον μπαινοβγαίνουν στα κυβερνητικά γραφεία επισείοντας επιστημονικές μεταμφιέσεις ως δήθεν τεκμήρια επιστημονικής αξιοπιστίας και εγκυρότητας. Έτσι στρεβλώνει ο ορθολογισμός της δημόσιας σφαίρας ενός κράτους με αποτέλεσμα λανθασμένες αποφάσεις.

NEW YORK TIMES Europe to Sue Over Data Greece Gave On Economy

By PAUL MELLER, Published: December 2, 2004

BRUSSELS, Dec. 1, 2004
The European Commission said on Wednesday that it would sue Greece for submitting incaccurate deficit figures before joining the euro zone in 2001.
Greece qualified late for membership in the zone as questions about its economic readiness prevented its being admitted with the other 11 countries that began phasing in the euro project in 1998.
Greece addressed the concerns about its fiscal health by presenting data that showed its budget deficit and debt were under control, and the nation was allowed in before euro notes and coins started circulating at the beginning of 2002.
But commission officials said on Wednesday that it appeared that even with the extra time it was given to prepare, Greece still did not meet the union’s standards to use the European currency.
Amelia Torres, a commission spokeswoman, stopped short of accusing Greece of issuing deliberately misleading figures, but said, »Greece would not have joined the euro zone with the figures we now have.»
Recently, George Alogoskoufis, the Greek finance minister, admitted that contrary to the figures Greece submitted, the country’s deficit had exceeded the union’s ceiling of 3 percent of gross domestic product in every year since 2000. The ceiling is intended to protect the euro from unfettered government spending.
The commission began an investigation, sending officials from its statistics agency, Eurostat, and the European Central Bank to Greece to investigate the incorrect data, and to see how far back the faulty accounting went.
In a report published Wednesday, Eurostat said that Greece had understated the size of its budget deficit by an average of 2.1 percentage points since 1997.
Greece’s budget deficits during the three crucial years used to assess its preparedness for adopting the euro, 1997 to 1999, stood at 6.6 percent, 4.3 percent and 3.4 percent respectively, the Eurostat report said. Greece had said that the deficits were 4 percent, 2.5 percent and 1.8 percent during that period.
There is no question of expelling Greece from the euro zone. Françoise Le Bail, the European Commission’s chief spokeswoman, said the point of the Eurostat investigation was to »ensure that Greece puts its house in order.»
The commission will also introduce measures before the end of this year to prevent misreporting of macroeconomic figures by member countries in the future. These are expected to include a proposal to protect the independence of national statistics offices from government pressure and to give an increased supervisory role to Eurostat to check national accounts.
The lawsuit against Greece is different from those the commission may pursue against countries that accrue excessively large deficits. Still, the case against Greece could result in a fine, if it gets as far as the European Court of Justice.
The government in Athens insisted that such action would be unnecessary, and said the blame for the inaccurate data belonged to the previous socialist government, led by the former prime minister, Costas Simitis; that government was voted out of office in March.
»The government will stick to its policy of transparent and credible fiscal data,» the finance ministry said in a statement, adding there is »no risk of Greece being referred to the European court.» END

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